Most sore throats are caused by viral infections and get better within a week through self-care. However, it is important to recognise when a sore throat is a symptom of a more serious illness. Sore throat is a symptom resulting from an acute self-limiting upper respiratory tract infection RTI , and is characterised by a dry scratchy throat and pain on swallowing  , . The inflammation tends to be present in the back region of the throat pharynx and can encompass the back third of the tongue, roof of the mouth the soft palate and the tonsils see Figure .
Case-based learning: sore throat - The Pharmaceutical Journal
A sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of a sore throat pharyngitis is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own. Strep throat streptococcal infection , a less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria, requires treatment with antibiotics to prevent complications.
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Mononucleosis mono is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. Cases often happen in teens and young adults. It goes away on its own after a few weeks of rest. Most kids are exposed to EBV at some point while growing up. Infants and young kids infected with EBV usually have very mild symptoms or none at all.