The organs of the female reproductive system are the ovaries, oviducts, uterus, vagina, placenta, and mammary glands. They work together for the production of female gametes oocytes , fertilization, support of the developing fetus, delivering it to the outside world, and nutrition of the newborn. The ovaries are responsible for the production of an oocyte oogenesis and secretion of female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. When it releases a mature ovum, it travels down the oviduct to the uterus. The oviducts uterine tubes; fallopian tubes are fibromuscular tubes that transport an ovulated ovum from the ovary to the uterus. Fertilization usually takes place in the oviduct.
Nutrition - women's extra needs - Better Health Channel
Blood folate concentrations refer to the amount of folate a B vitamin found in blood. Blood folate concentrations among women have been shown to predict the risk in populations of having pregnancies affected by neural tube defects. In this study, CDC researchers found that more than 3 out of 4 These findings are useful for identifying population subgroups at greater risk for pregnancies affected by neural tube defects and targeting the ways to better prevent neural tube defects in those groups. Yet, approximately 2, to 3, pregnancies in the U. This study provides information on the population of U.
Click Image to Enlarge. When a young woman reaches puberty, she starts to ovulate. This is when a mature egg or ovum is released from one of the ovaries.
Maintaining a well-balanced diet is one of the best things you can do for your body. Foods rich in the eight B vitamins known as B complex play an important role in supporting a healthy pregnancy. Mary L. They also change food into energy, giving you that needed boost during your pregnancy.